73rd International Atlantic Economic Conference

March 28 - 31, 2012 | Istanbul, Turkey

Price transmission & markov-switching regime shifts: An application to the greek tomato

Saturday, 31 March 2012: 2:35 PM
Anthony N. Rezitis, Ph.D , Business Adminisration of Food and Agricultural Enterpises, University of Western Greece, Agrinio, Greece
Dimitris Pachis, MSc , University of Western Greece, Agrinio, Greece
Angelos Katis, MA , University of Western Greece, Agrinio, Greece
The present study explores the price transmission mechanism between producer and consumer prices in the Greek tomato market, using monthly price data of the period 1995-2011. The estimation is carried out applying, a vector error correction model (VECM) and a Markov-Switching vector autoregressive approach (MS-VAR). The results indicate the existence of a long-run price relationship between producer and consumer tomato prices. Furthermore, the paper investigates the driving forces of the consumer-producer price mechanism and provides impulse response functions. Finally, the MS-VAR model shows regime shifts in the consumer-producer tomato price relationship.         

Keywords: price transmission, tomato, Greece, Markov-Switching