Within this session there would be papers dealing with current trends in digitalisation of egovernment in the European Union. These papers provide an insight both from micro as well as macro perspective and dealing with the stimulating topics both from research as well as practical points of view. The fourth industrial revolution will ineluctably have a widespread ramification for the economy as a whole. Over the past decades we have become accustomed that the emerging technologies buttress growth which consecutively positively affects employment. Nonetheless, the upcoming era of digitalization is, however, inherently bound to disrupt such an equation. Labor markets, especially those where the industrial sector, transportation, and logistics represent a large portion in the overall Gross Value Added, are anticipated to face increasingly negative consequences. This is due to further robotization and automatization which are predicted to progressively substitute considerable share of human workforce in these segments. Unavailable workforce not only drives local salaries to a new level, but simultaneously pressures local companies and investors to adopt the revolutionizing technologies. Results indicate that avoiding digitalization efforts in their totality would undeniably result in gradually diminishing competitiveness of local industrial and manufacturing base. This topic would be also analyzed from the perspective of digital competencies of employees. Developing a digital economy is often faced with an obstacle that appears virtually throughout the advanced economies-the question of effectively delivering digitalization efforts to SMEs. These are confronted with conditions that often prohibit them from upgrading their business models by adapting advanced technologies. SMEs are large enough as to make the process of digitalization an expensive journey, yet small enough as not to generate sufficient resources to embark upon it. Therefore, SMEs find themselves in a situation which gradually deteriorates their competitiveness. As a result, numerous countries throughout the OECD area have attempted to establish a supportive schemes that would provide SMEs with financial backing or opportunities to digitalize their businesses. Finding a process via which SMEs would be digitalized effectively has therefore become an ultimate goal for both the public authorities and private sector itself. This session is an output of the research project "TL01000147 New Challenges of E-Government in the European Context for Increasing the Competitiveness of the Czech Republic" co-funded by Technology Agency of the Czech Republic (TACR).